After the vaccine is put into use, the risk still exists appraisal report, neutrality is easy to be -widcomm

The vaccine is put into use still the risk identification report questioned the neutrality to Sohu in the surveyed news law scholars, the vaccine is put into use, there is a risk of inevitable. According to the data released by the CDC Chinese, vaccine adverse reaction probability is one in a million to two, however, the small probability to implement a family disaster level is one hundred percent. This undoubtedly tests the security system of a society. Gou Xianfen of Guizhou is the mother of vaccine induced paralysis, or the parents of QQ group, the parent of vaccine abnormal reaction. Gou Xianfen found that all families inevitably work to maintain their livelihood, while taking care of children, while rushing to apply for identification and strive for compensation. Abnormal reaction to vaccination identification way to prevent identification report neutrality vulnerable to the end of 2008 in accordance with the implementation of the "question" (hereinafter referred to as the "measures", such as the case of identification) suspected abnormal reaction, by the disease prevention and control institutions organize experts to conduct the investigation and diagnosis, a dispute, to the municipal medical application of abnormal reaction to vaccination identification, again the dispute, to the Provincial Medical Association for identification. Gou Xianfen said that in the cases she had contacted, the identification results obtained by most families were "coupling" or "irrelevant"". "Southern Metropolis Daily" also statistics, after vaccination abnormal reaction in the family, more than 80% were determined to be sick and vaccine unrelated. A long-term study of vaccines and immunization planning policy of Beijing University doctoral student Chen Fei (a pseudonym) told Chinese Youth Daily reporter, at present in our country from all levels of medical identification will carry out abnormal reactions to the vaccine, medicine is the third party, but also do not belong to an independent third party. Du Yifang, associate professor at the Fudan University School of law said that the current drug management law, vaccine management regulations provisions are clearly defined, can only through the identification of medical identification, "approach" itself has also set up expert database, avoidance system, application procedures, there is no obvious loopholes in the law. However, many families are dissatisfied with the results of the appraisal, and many of them are dissatisfied with medical identification in similar medical disputes. Du Yifang said, on the one hand, hospitals, health stations, disease control departments and medical departments will have in common, resulting in some of the parties can not accept the psychological appraisal conclusion; on the other hand, may practice regulations not too strict. Experts say the government decision cannot exclude the litigation rights of the parties concerned when Gou Xianfen said, some parents find government compensation, many departments are advised to go to justice. However, Wang Hongjun in Xinjiang Huocheng County in the case of the two trial court revoked the verdict, Wang Hongjun didn’t get the compensation over one million yuan. Reporters noted that the recent second instance ruling said that this matter does not belong to the people’s court acceptance range. One of the reasons is the "Regulations" vaccine distribution and vaccination management, prevention of adverse reaction after the occurrence of the dispute, or the party may vaccinate units people’s governments at the county level health administrative departments to handle the request inoculation of the location of the unit, the law is exclusive, and the County Health Bureau has made a determination. Du Yifang said that the court of second instance ruled that it was unreasonable. She thinks that even if there is no compensation agreement of the health department, the civil procedure should be taken directly

疫苗投入使用后风险仍存 鉴定报告中立性易受质疑-搜狐新闻  在受访法学学者看来,疫苗投入使用后,风险必然存在。按照中国疾控中心公布的数据,疫苗不良反应概率是百万分之一到二,然而,再小的概率落实到一个家庭,灾害程度都是百分之百。这无疑考验着一个社会的保障制度。   贵州的苟先芬是疫苗致瘫患儿的母亲,还是疫苗异常反应家长QQ群的志愿者。苟先芬发现,所有家庭都难免一边工作维持生计,一边照顾患儿,一边奔波艰难地申请鉴定、争取补偿。   鉴定报告中立性易受质疑   按照2008年底实施的《预防接种异常反应鉴定办法》(以下简称《鉴定办法》),如遇疑似异常反应,应由疾病预防控制机构组织专家进行调查诊断,有争议时,可向市级医学会申请进行预防接种异常反应鉴定,再有争议,可向省级医学会申请鉴定。   苟先芬表示,她接触过的案例中,大多数家庭得到的鉴定结果是“偶合”或“无关”。《南方都市报》也曾统计,接种疫苗后出现异常反应家庭,80%以上被判定生病和疫苗无关。   长期研究疫苗和免疫规划政策的北京某高校博士生陈飞(化名)告诉中国青年报记者,我国目前由各级医学会开展疫苗异常反应的鉴定,医学会是第三方,但还不属于独立的第三方。   复旦大学法学院副教授杜仪方表示,现行药品管理法、疫苗管理条例等条文都明确规定,鉴定只能通过医学会进行,《鉴定办法》本身也设立了专家库、回避制度、申请程序,不存在明显法律漏洞。   然而,不少家庭对鉴定结果不满,类似医疗纠纷中不少人不满医疗鉴定。杜仪方说,一方面,医院、卫生站、疾控部门和医学会本身都有共同的主管部门,造成一些当事人心理上不能接受鉴定结论;另一方面,可能实践中条例执行不太严格。   专家称政府处理决定不能排除当事人诉讼权利   苟先芬说,一些家长找政府协商补偿的时候,不少部门都建议其走司法途径。   然而,在新疆霍城县王红军的案例中,二审法院两次撤销了一审判决,王红军没有拿到超百万元的补偿补助。   记者注意到,最近的一份二审裁定称,此事不属于人民法院受理范围。理由之一是《疫苗流通和预防接种管理条例》规定,预防接种异常反应争议发生后,接种单位或者受种方可以请求接种单位所在地的县级人民政府卫生主管部门处理,法律规定具有排他性,而县卫生局已经作出认定。   杜仪方表示,二审法院的裁定是不合理的。她认为,哪怕没有卫生部门补偿协议,直接拿鉴定走民事诉讼程序也是可以的,“如果厂家已经通过协议赔付,也可以起诉,不过法院在判决时肯定要考虑之前协议,不会存在双重赔付的可能性”。   “赔付的钱不是罚款,因为这并非生产厂商疫苗存在质量问题,只是发生不良反应,所以也不存在一事不再罚的问题。”杜仪方说。   事实上,包括新疆在内的各地规定也保证这一诉讼权利。北京有关规定称,不同意接受补偿的,申请人可以依法向人民法院提起诉讼。已经提起诉讼的,补偿程序终止。山东也规定,如果申请人不同意卫生行政部门核准的预防接种异常反应经济补偿金额,可以在接到预防接种异常反应经济补偿通知书后60日内直接向人民法院提起诉讼。   学者呼吁建立疫苗风险基金先行支付   这些补偿由谁支付?《疫苗流通和预防接种管理条例》规定,政府免费向公民提供的第一类疫苗,不良反应补偿费用由省、自治区、直辖市人民政府财政部门安排,公民自费并且自愿受种的第二类疫苗,补偿费用由相关的疫苗生产企业承担。   不过,在时间较长的诉讼进程中,由于我国并无渠道先行支付医药费用,一些孩子得不到及时救治,耽误了病情。   陈飞告诉记者,美国在联邦政府层面有设计良好的疫苗伤害补偿法案,对疫苗损害适用国家疫苗损害补偿计划。作为发达国家,美国有比较好的儿童保障和救济措施托底,并且还有很多慈善机构助残。   “财政针对疫苗风险补偿的制度设计还需要多方推动。”陈飞说。   杜仪方建议,我国可以尝试建立基金制度,企业每生产一支疫苗都缴纳一定量的金钱,用这些钱建立疫苗风险基金,类似于疫苗“保险金”,一旦发生疫苗不良反应,就可以向基金会申请来进行赔付。   美国的疫苗损害补偿信托基金资金源自在列疫苗收缴的税金。公开资料显示,法律规定对列入该表的疫苗每售出1个接种剂量要缴纳0.75美元,基金用以补偿接种疫苗而死亡或受损害的人的赔偿金,及联邦政府在实施中产生的行政支出。   按照现行规定,因预防接种异常反应造成受种者死亡、严重残疾或者器官组织损伤的,应当给予一次性补偿。各省市普遍将上一年度该省城镇居民人均可支配收入作为基数,制定相应补偿系数计算金额,或设定最高补偿金额及年份的上限。   多名家长表示,这当中最大的问题在于,多数政府或者企业一次性补偿的钱,远远不够致残孩子康复治疗训练费用。   杜仪方表示,对于儿童致残后康复治疗时间长、周期长的特点,一次性补偿的确是不合适的。这一规定当时的考虑,可能是鉴于企业的不稳定性,如果不要求一次性补偿,周期拉长,如果企业倒闭,后续资金就更难落实。   事实上,除了补偿,我国还有一些已有的助残项目,适合疫苗异常反应导致意外致残的家庭去申请。但是,多名受访家长称,当地并没有人告知他们存在这些补助项目。   本报新疆霍城2月15日电相关的主题文章: